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Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal in Agra is one of the mainly well-known building in the world, the mausoleum of Shah Jahan's loving wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is one of the New 7 wonder of the globe, and one of three World Heritage Sites in Agra . The fragile Makrana marble of this globe famous tomb takes on diverse hues from sunrise to sunset. It is chilly and dreamy at down, sun kissed and polished by the morning, golden and temperate by the day, dazzling and squashy by sunset, remote and ghostly by the moon light

Agra Fort

Massive fort is 2.5 kms long and is considered as the predecessor of the Delhi Red fort.The colossal walls are 20 feet high and the whole fort is encircled by a fetid moat. Amar Singh gate towards the south is the only entry point in the fort. The building and structures inside the fort gives an impression of a city within the city. Many of the building inside the fort is now closed for the public. The marble pearl mosque inside the fort is one of the most stunningly beautiful mosques in India.

Ram Bagh

The first Mughal gardens laid by Babur in 1558, half a km from Chini Ka Rauza, were planned carefully in Persian style. They were then named as Bagh-i-Gul Afshan. Later, Jehangir renovated them and named them as Bagh-i-Nur Afshan. Babur introduced three-terraced garden here for the first time. The river-drawn water was made to look like a spring, as it artificially descended from one terrace to another through a network of canals, tanks and water chutes that had stairs on both sides ended in a red sandstone pond. The gardens were beautified using 'Chhatris', platforms, pathways and a conglomeration of plants that were cultivated in a landscaped manner. Jehangir had also built two beautiful suites on the two sides of the main terrace and a Mahtab or island platform in the centre, which was connected with the main water system. Ram Bagh symbolizes the erstwhile Mughal pleasure garden that hasn't aged gracefully unlike other legacies of that time.

Tomb of Itmad-ud-Daulah

Nur Jehan, the wife and queen of Mughal Emperor Jehangir built this tomb for her father Mirza Shiyath Beg between 1622-25.Mirza was appointed Prime Minister of the Empire and received the title of 'Itimad-ud-Daulah' or 'Treasurer of the Empire'. The tomb is situated on the left bank of river Yamuna and is only overshadowed by Taj in beauty. This beautiful mausolem was the first one to be built on a riverbank, which was normally used only to build pleasure gardens till then. The marble mausoleum is designed like a silver jewel box with stunning and delicate inlay work. Facing river Yamuna, this quadrangular tomb stretches across 550 sq. feet with four gateways facing the four main directions.

Dayal Bagh Temple

Swami Bagh Temple at Dayal Bagh is 10 km to the north of Agra. Started in 1904, it is still under construction even after 100 years! The white marble Samadhi of the Radha Swami, the founder of a unique religion that seeks to being all religions under one umbrella and preaches unity of mankind, the construction of this temple is not expected to be completed until sometime next century.

If you want to witness the Pietra Dura inlaid marble work, you must visit the temple and walk to its sides to see the artisans at work. The aim of this structure is to build a temple for Hindus, a church for Christians, a gurudwara for Sikhs and a mosque for Muslims, each on a separate floor, in the same building, to symbolize brotherhood and unity in mankind. The artistic work here is wonderful and has an outstanding visual appeal.

Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri, whose significance was short lived, is "an epic poem in sandstone" equivalent to Agra in its importance, as it is to this city that Akbar stayed for 14 years, transferred his entire court and capital. When he deserted it and returned to Agra, silence established over the city and the noise of elephant calls and the boom of drums were heard no more, but Akbar left at the back for posterity a wealthy inheritance in the buildings built by him.

Sikandra Fort

Mughal emperor Akbar his life time planned and carried out many important projects that covered broad institutions like arts, literature, religion, architecture and statesmanship. Sikandra Fort is one example that roughly gives an idea of the emperors foresight. The tomb of Sikandra Fort was built by Akbar himself during his life time. Emperor Jehangir, Akbar's son, continued the project which ultimately led to the foundation of the Sikandra Fort complex. Sikandra Fort is located in the western periphery of the city at a distance of about 10 kms from the city center. The fort is provided in a prodigal garden. The garden is enclosed within the walls in a typical charbagh fashion. The garden houses water channels running through it, fountains and paved causeways.The tomb built in red sandstone and beautifully carved reflects the persona of the great emperor. The tomb which stands as a graduated pyramid has been built as a five storeyed structure. The main tomb is square in shape and is unlike the rest of mughal buildings. The tomb is beautified with inlay marble work and pattern work. The structure has numerous bays and massive piers and arches. There are four sandstone gates that lead to the complex and only southern gate leads to the tomb. The gateways are decorated with elegant mosaic works. There are four minarets at the corners of the gateways which are also decorated in a similar fashion. The whole complex is a favorite picnic spot that see visitors coming from all over the places. Agra Airport lies to the south-east of Sikandra Fort and is about 13 kms far from it.

Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid is located opposite the Delhi gate of Agra Fort. It was built in 1648 by Shah Jahan in name of his daughter Jahan Ara. Both Shah Jahan and his beloved daughter were eventually imprisoned by Aurangzeb. Witness the decorative beauty of Jama Masjid that is replete with inscriptions, inlaid geometric designs and colored tiles- all befitting of a religious place. Tourists visiting the Jama Masjid get to enter through the grand gateway of Buland Darwaza.

Diwan-I-Am

Diwan-I-Am means Hall of Public audience was again a building constructed by Shahjahan who replaced an earlier wooden structure. The arches are covered with white lime polished to a smooth finish.The triple arched royal canopy has lavish pietra dura ornamentation. Here was kept the famous Peacock Throne ordered by Shahjahan. He met officials and commoners and listened to the petitioners at this place.

Diwan-I-Khas

Diwan-I-khas means Hall of Private audience a small hall with double marble columns inlaid with pietra dura decoration.Shahjahan built the structure between 1636 and 1637 and it is where the emperor used to receive the important dignitaries, in front of this hall there are two marble thrones. The black throne belongs to Jehangir who, as Prince Salim in rebellion against Akbar at Allahabad, had ordered it for himself.Below this terrace lies the grand courtyard of Machchi Bhawan, meant for the harem functions. On another side stands a small mosque built for Shahjahan by Aurangzeb.

Seesh Mahal & Khas Mahal

Both Jahangir (Akbar's son) and Shahjahan (Akbar's grandson) were enamored of the sensuous effect of white marble; in their quest to make buildings of marble, they demolished many of Akbar's red sandstone structures. In the Khas Mahal enclosure (built by Shahjahan), later Mughal architecture comes of age. The Khas Mahal is an airy edifice, overlooking the specially laid Angoori Bagh (grape garden; a simple formal Mughal garden). Windows closed with jali (intricately perforated decorative stone screens) present fabulous view of the riverfront. The two copper-roofed pavilions built in the Bengali traditions were meant for prominent ladies of the harem. On three sides of this garden are residential quarters of women. Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace) or the royal hammam (bath) is decorated with myriad glass pieces and a central fountain.

Chini Ka Rauza

One of the lesser-known monuments of Agra is the tomb known as the Chini ka Rauza, which is situated 1 Kilometer north of Itmad-ud-Daulah's Tomb. The Chini ka Rauza was built in 1635 and is the tomb of Allama Afzal Khan Mullah of Shiraz, a scholar and poet who was the Prime Minister of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. This was constructed by Afzal Khan - a high official in the court of Shahjahan. Decorated by glazed tiles on the façade, the structure clearly depicts the Persian influence in architecture. Open from Sunrise to sunset.

Mariyam's Tomb

This unique tomb in red sandstone was built in 1611 A.D. in memory of Emperor Akbar's Goan-Christian wife - Mariyam. The tomb has some exceptional carvings. The daughter of Raja Bharmal Kachhwaha of Ambar or Amer, the wife of great Mughal Emperor Akbar and the mother of his much-awaited heir Salim, this Rajpur queen was known in Mughal History as 'Mariam Zamani' meaning 'Compassionate to the World'. She was so named by Akbar on the eve of the birth of his son and heir Salim (later known as Jehangir) in 1569 at Fatehpur Sikri. When she died in 1623 at Agra, Jehangir built a stylish tomb for his mother close to the tomb of Akbar within the compound of Christian Missionary Society. These tombs are situated in Sikandra region, which was so named because Sikander Lodi was its founder.

Sweeta & Spicy Market

Agra is considered a heaven for Chaat lovers. This spicy preparation is a mix of munchies along with spices and chutneys and you will find crowds awaiting their turn outside numerous stalls selling Chaat. Popular places like Double Phatak near Sikandra and Sadar and Belangunj are well known for serving such delicious treats. A typical Agra Breakfast constitutes of spicy Berahi and sweet Jalebies found at every nooks and corners served fresh. And who can forget the world famous sweet, Petha of Agra. On Agra tours this is a sweet one must try especially the plain ivory one or the Angoori flavoured Petha for maximum delight. The famous stores selling this sweet are Panchi's, Bhimsain BaidyaNath and The Pracheen Petha store also, Bikanerwala, Gaopaldas and Ajanta Sweets.

Local Shops of Marble & Leather

Famous for its leather industry and marble inlay work, Agra makes for a fine shopping destination selling stunning pieces of art at reasonable prices. On a vacation in Agra you cannot escape the shopping fever and so you must take a stroll around the bazaars close to Taj Mahal and Agra Fort. Famous sites selling stunning leather articles and fine marble inlay work are Agra Handicraft Industries, Handicraft Inn, Sadar Bazaar, UP Handicrafts Development Centre, Agra Marble Shoppy, Kinari Bazaar and more. The quality of the articles is top end and in addition, the proprietor will walk you through a demonstration to a small workshop to explain the materials and the process of making these things. Whether a miniature Taj Mahal or good quality leather or tabletops, boxes, vases etc you can get all at different shapes and sizes and costs depending on your bargaining skills.

 

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  • Golden Triangle Tour

    Duration : 07 Days

    Destination : Delhi - Agra - Jaipur - Mandawa – Delhi.
  • 5 Elements Tour

    Duration : 10 Days

    Destination : Delhi - Shivpuri – Ananda in Himalayas – Corbett National Park – Fort Unchagaon - Agra – Delhi.
  • Complete Himachal Tour

    Duration : 12 Days

    Destination : Delhi - Shimla - Manali - Kullu – Mc Leodganj - Dalhousie – Delhi.
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    Duration : 08 Days

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