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About Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal the most beautiful building in the world. In 1631 the emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Mumtaz,.The white marble mausoleum at Agra has become the monument of a man's love for a woman. Shah Jahan came to power in 1622 when he seized the throne from his father, while murdering his brothers to ensure his claim to rule. He was known as an extravagant and cruel leader. But he redeemed himself by his generosity to his friends and the poor, by his passion in adorning India with some of its most beautiful architecture, and by his devotion to his wife Mumtaz Mahal - "Ornament of the Palace." He had married her when he was 21, when he already had two children by an earlier consort. Mumtaz gave her husband 14 children in eighteen years, and died at the age of 39 during the birth of the final child. Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal as a monument to her memory and her fertility, but then relapsed into a life of scandalous behavior. This tomb was only one of hundreds of beautiful buildings that Shah Jahan erected, mostly at Agra and in the new Dehli that came into being under his planning.

Many architects have rated it as the most perfect of all buildings standing on earth. Three artists designed it: a Persian, an Italian, and a Frenchman. But the design is completely Mohammedan. Even the skilled artisans who built it were brought in from Baghdad,Constantinople, and other centers of the Muslim faith. For 22 years more than 20,000 workmen were forced to build the Taj. The Maharaja of Jaipur sent the marble as a gift to Shah Jahan. The building and its surroundings cost more than $200,000,000 in todays currency. Passing through a high wall, one comes suddently upon the Taj - raised upon a marble platform, and framed on either side by handsome mosques and stately minarets. In the foreground spacious gardens enclose a pool in whose waters the inverted palace becomes a quivering dream. Every portion of the structure is of white marble, precious metals, or costly stones. The building is a complex figure of twelve sides, four of which are portals. A slender minaret rises at each corner, and the roof is a massive spired dome. The main entrance, once guarded with solid silver gates, is a maze of marble embroidery; inlaid in the wall in jeweled script are qotations from the Koran, one of which invites the "pure in heart" to enter "the gardens of Paradise."

Shah Jahan had begun his reign by killing his brothers; but he had neglected to kill his sons, one of whom was destined to overthrow him. In 1657 his son Aurangzeb led an insurrection from the Deccan. Aurangzeb defeated all the forces sent against him, captured his father, and imprisoned him in the Fort of Agra. For 9 bitter years the deposed emperor lingered there, never visited by his son, attended only by his faithful daughter Jahanara, and spending his days looking from the Jasmine Tower of his prison across the Jumna to where his once-beloved Mumtaz lay in her jeweled tomb.

From afar the Taj Mahal, with its delicate details, is not imposing. Only a nearer view reveals that its perfection has no proportion to its size. When in our hurried times, we see enormous structures of a hundred stories raised in a year, and then consider how 20,000 men worked for 22 years on this little tomb, hardly a hundred feet high, we begin to sense the difference between industry and art. And perhaps more importantly, we sense the ultimate lesson it offers: beauty and that which lasts, is based on love.

Location of the Taj Mahal

The Location of the grand Taj Mahal was carefully chosen by Emperor Shah Jahan, as the site was clearly visible from the Agra Fort. Located on the banks of the River Yamuna the Taj Mahal in Agra, India gives the impression of a humongous lone white cloud rising from the ground in unparalleled grandeur and enigmatic charm, full of unspoken promises of love and bonding.The location of the Taj Mahal was chosen to complement its beauty and to create a mausoleum complex that would be according to Shah Jahan's conception something similar to Allah's paradise. The location of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India is such that you can marvel at the reflection of this monument on the silver waters of the River Yamuna.The artistically designed Char Bagh and the pretty lotus pond that greet you as you enter the Taj Mahal complex in Agra, India are sure to steal your heart, in fact the complete panorama is breathtaking.

Char Bagh Gardens Taj Mahal

Explore the fascinating Char Bagh Gardens that ornament the front yard of the pristine Taj Mahal in Agra, India with About Taj Mahal.The Char Bagh Gardens at the Taj Mahal complex in Agra, India have been constructed in a manner that they add a feminine grace to a dream mausoleum that was constructed as a celebration of love and as a tribute to unmatched beauty.

The concept of the ethereal Char Bagh Gardens have their root in the religious beliefs expressed in the holy Koran, that mentions that there are four rivers in Allah's garden of paradise one of milk, one of wine, one of water and the fourth one is a river of honey. And since Shah Jahan wanted to create a dream in white marble that would be quite like the Lord's paradisiacal garden, as evident from the inscriptions on the main gateway, the Char Bagh was of course an integral part of the architectural design.Almost 300 meters of the entire area of the Taj Mahal complex in Agra, India is covered with the symmetrical Char Bagh Gardens that have been so constructed that at the one end of a ornamented water channels lies the Taj Mahal, at another end lies the Mosque, the guest house or the Naqqar Khana lies at one end and at the fourth end lies the massive sandstone darwaza or the main entrance to the Taj Mahal.

About Agra

Location: 220 kms From Delhi, 250 kms From Jaipur

Architectural Style: Mughal Architecture

Built In: 1551 - 1585

Built By: Mughal Emperor Akbar

Agra has found its mention in the famous Hindu epic Mahabharat as the forest of Agraban close to Mathura. Badal Singh founded the city in 1475. Sikandar Lodhi made Agra his capital city. Later, Babur defeated the Lodhis to capture the city situated on the banks of River Yamuna and thus, the long association of Mughals with Agra started. The Mughal love of architecture translated into beautiful monuments such as Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri and Sikandra. The glory of Agra was at its peak during the reign of Akbar, Jehangir and Shah Jahan. Akbar made it the center of art, culture, commerce and learning and Shah Jahan saw it in full bloom. In fact, it is said that it was Akbar who laid the foundation of the modern city that we see now in 1558 and was known as Akbarabad. Most of the buildings belong to the period between mid-16th century and 17th century and were of high quality. These monuments were built in the contemporary Mughal style. Mughlai cuisine and the skilled craftsmen can still be seen in the narrow lanes of the city as a reminiscent of the lost times.Visit to India cannot complete without paying a visit to this erstwhile Mughgal city of Agra, the home of Taj Mahal, world's most beloved monument. With its laid -back lifestyle and its immense wealth of architecture, handicrafts and jewellery, Agra is amongst the most remarkable city of the world.

 

Special Interest Tours in India:

  • Golden Triangle Tour

    Duration : 07 Days

    Destination : Delhi - Agra - Jaipur - Mandawa – Delhi.

  • 5 Elements Tour

    Duration : 10 Days

    Destination : Delhi - Shivpuri – Ananda in Himalayas – Corbett National Park – Fort Unchagaon - Agra – Delhi.

  • Complete Himachal Tour

    Duration : 12 Days

    Destination : Delhi - Shimla - Manali - Kullu – Mc Leodganj - Dalhousie – Delhi.

  • Amazing Ladakh

    Duration : 08 Days

    Destination : Delhi – Leh - Delhi.

  • Bike For Life Tour

    Destination : Mumbai To Goa.

  • Forts of the Tiger

    Duration : 15 Days

    Destination : Delhi – Raja ji National Park – Corbett National Park – Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary –Bnadav garh National Park.

  • Golden Triangle Tour

    Duration : 07 Days

    Destination : Delhi - Agra - Jaipur - Mandawa – Delhi.
  • 5 Elements Tour

    Duration : 10 Days

    Destination : Delhi - Shivpuri – Ananda in Himalayas – Corbett National Park – Fort Unchagaon - Agra – Delhi.
  • Complete Himachal Tour

    Duration : 12 Days

    Destination : Delhi - Shimla - Manali - Kullu – Mc Leodganj - Dalhousie – Delhi.
  • Amazing Ladakh

    Duration : 08 Days

    Destination : Delhi – Leh - Delhi
  • Bike For Life Tour

    Destination : Mumbai To Goa
  • Forts of the Tiger

    Duration : 15 Days

    Destination : Delhi – Raja ji National Park – Corbett National Park – Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary –Bnadav garh National Park – Kanha National Park – Pench National Park.

Other Tours: